- D | E-
F | G
- P | R
As used in Planned Giving, it refers to the factors used to
calculate the value of lifetime payments to individuals or organizations.
Securities, real estate, or any other property that has risen in
value since the benefactor acquired it. Generally, appreciated
property held by the donor for a year or more may be donated
at full fair market value with no capital gains cost.
A contractual arrangement to pay a fixed sum of money to an individual
at regular intervals. The charitable gift annuity is a gift established with the WVU Foundation that
secures fixed lifetime payments to the benefactor and/or another
Gross Income ("AGI")
The sum of an individual’s taxable income for the
year is the total at the bottom of the first page of Form 1040.
Individuals may deduct outright charitable cash contributions up to 50%
of AGI; they may deduct outright gifts of appreciated securities and appreciated
property up to 30% of AGI. Any excess deduction may be carried over for up to five years following the year of the gift.
An individual who is legally authorized to act on behalf of another by virtue of a power of attorney.
An assessment of the value of a piece of property. Benefactors
contributing real or tangible personal property (art, books, collectibles,
etc.) must secure an independent appraisal of the property to substantiate
the value they claim as a charitable deduction.
When an individual joins with a charity to sell a property after donating a portion to the nonprofit. Tax law considers this part sale and part charitable gift with tax benefits and capital gain apportioned to each part.
The benefactor’s purchase price for an asset, possibly
adjusted to reflect subsequent costs or depreciation. If Mrs. Jones
bought stock for $100 per share and sold it for $175, her cost
basis in the stock is $100 per share.
The recipient of a bequest from a will or a distribution
from a trust.
A transfer of property or cash to an individual or organization
through a provision in a will. A "bequest" may also refer to a distribution from a living trust or retirement plan.
Capital Gains Tax
A federal tax on the appreciation in an asset when it is sold.
A simple amendment to a will which avoids the cost and complication of re-writing the entire will. The codicil must be signed and witnessed or notarized as is the original will.
See Basis, above.
Durable General Power of Attorney
Legally appointing an individual as your "Attorney-in-Fact" for financial matters. This allows that person to take charge of your financial affairs
in the event of incompetency or disability.
The permanently held capital of a non-profit, which generates annual funds used to support ongoing projects and meet
A federal tax on the value of the property held by an individual
at his or her death (typically paid by the deceased individual's estate).
The person named in a will to administer the estate (known
in some states as the "personal representative").
Fair Market Value
The price that an asset would bring on the open market.
The individual transferring property into a trust.
Health Care Power of Attorney
Legally appointing an individual as your "Attorney-in-Fact" for health care decisions. This allows that person to make decisions about your medical treatment in the event you are unable to do so.
In a trust, the right to receive payments from the trust
for lifetime or a term of years.
Income in Respect of a Decedent (IRD)
Taxable income earned by a decedent that was not yet received before death. The most common IRD assets are IRAs and qualified retirement plans. Income tax will be assessed on those assets after the decedent's death and in the hands of beneficiaries.
When a person dies without a valid will, state laws will determine how the individual's
probate estate will be divided by any heirs. If there are no heirs, then the state absorbs any remaining probate assets.
The ownership of property by two or more persons, usually with rights of survivorship. The property passes by operation of law to the surviving joint owner. The decedent's will does not affect the property.
K-1 (also 1099-R)
The IRS forms that are sent to life-income gift participants
detailing how payments they received from their gifts during the
year will be taxed.
Life Income Gift
A planned gift that makes payments to the benefactor and/or
other beneficiaries for life or a term of years, then distributes
the remainder to charity.
Also "Revocable Living Trust." A trust that is created by a living individual (grantor) that is used to manage assets for
the benefit of the grantor and/or other persons. At the grantor's death the assets in the trust are passed to named
beneficiaries, or the trust can continue to operate providing benefits to beneficiaries for their lives or for a predetermined period of time.
A legal document which allows you to indicate whether or not you would like your life to be "artificially prolonged" in the event you are in a terminal or persistent vegetative state. Living wills are often used
in conjunction with a health care power of attorney, which appoints someone to make health care decisions on your behalf.
Securities, artwork, business interests and items of tangible
property. Personal property is any property other than "real property," which refers to land and the structures built on it.
See Executor, above.
The process of charitable giving in light of financial, estate and/or tax planning.
Such gifts often require the assistance of an attorney, financial professional or Planned Giving officer.
The court related system that determines the validity of a will and provides judicial oversight over the distribution of the estate.
If there is no valid will then the probate system will appoint an administrator of the estate to facilitate the estate's distribution
in accordance with state intestacy law.
A written appraisal conducted by a knowledgeable and experienced professional to determine the fair market value of property (other than publicly traded
securities) donated to a charity. If the donor wishes to use the value of the donated property for a charitable income tax
deduction, the IRS requires that appraisal must be obtained by the donor and attached to his/her tax return if the property has a value
of $5,000 or more.
In a trust, the portion of the principal left after the
income interest has been paid to the beneficiary(ies). A charitable
remainder trust pays income to the benefactor or other individuals
and then passes its remainder to charity. In a gift of a remainder interest in real estate, the entire property transfers to the nonprofit once the life estate holder has died.
A donor can only receive a charitable income tax deduction for the full fair market value of donated tangible personal property if the property can be used
by the charity in a way that is related to its tax-exempt purpose. Otherwise the deduction is limited to
the donor's cost basis.
A legal term for the individual or organization who receives
the trust principal after the income interest has been satisfied.
Rights of Survivorship
A type of titling arrangement whereby assets would automatically transfer from one person to another (but not necessarily the co-owner) upon the
death of the first owner. See joint ownership above.
When an individual inherits property from a decedent, the property's cost basis is stepped-up to its fair market value
on the date of death. The beneficiary receiving the property would avoid any capital gains tax if he/she were to
sell the property immediately.
A trust that is created and goes into effect only when an individual dies. Such a trust is usually set up under the terms of a will.
The individual making the will.
An entity created when a grantor transfers property to the care of an individual or organizational trustee for the benefit of one or more beneficiaries.
An individual or organization carrying out the terms of the trust based on the wishes of
the person who established the trust (the "grantor").